Beijing is one of the four ancient Cities in China. It the best preserved and most famous city. The Earliest human habitation was in the Zhoukoudian area by the peking man, 230,000-250,000 years ago. Since 221 BC Beijing has played a very important role when all of China was united by Emperor Qin. It was the capital city in the Liao (916-1125), Jin (1115-1234), Yuan (1271-1368), Ming (1368-1644) and Qing (1644-1911) dynasties. During these 800 years, 34 Emperors had lived and ruled here; the Forbidden city was built during this time as well. In 1912, the last Emperor of the Qing dynasty was forced to abdicate replacing the Qing ruling with a republic. 1949, People's Republic of China was inaugrated by Mao Zedong.
Beijing is the second largest city and dominates the northern part of China. It is filled with a rich history of many Emperors, Dynasties, and unique architectural structures. No trip to Beijing or China is complete without visiting the Great Wall. The Great Wall of China is a series of stone and Earthen Fortifications in northern China that has been built, rebuilt, and maintained between the 5th century BC and the 16th Century to protect the northern borders. At the heart of Beijing is the Famous Forbidden City, home to the emperors of the Ming and Qing Dynasties, the largest palace complex of China and the world.
There are many attractions that are a must see such as the Tiananmen Square, Temple of Heaven and the Summer Palace. The best way to experience Old Beijing is to take part in the Hutong Tours. There are more than 7,000 Hutong alleys throughout the city. All the narrow lanes twist through the older sections of Beijing to experience what it was like back then. While old Beijing is very interesting, new Beijing is just as exciting! Present day Beijing offers endless entertainment ranging from theatres, restaurants and shopping districts. Immerse yourself in one of the best shows Beijing has to offer, the Kung Fu show. Follow the long journey of a young monk who over comes difficulties and walks the path of enlightenment. This unique Chinese Martial Arts show will be an unforgettable memory; mixed with dance, acrobatics, and amazing special effects.
Like shopping? Beijing offers a great shopping experience such as the Wangfujing Street. Wangfujing Street is 700 years old! It has maintained its position of number one shopping district since the mid-1980s. Wangfujing Street is the perfect place to find trinkets and great souvenirs.
Temple of Heaven
Located in the South-east of the Forbidden City is the Temple of Heaven. It covers an area of 273 Hectare and is China’s largest structure for sacrifice to heaven. It was used to hold a memorial ceremony for the God in Winter Solstice Festival and to pray for harvest in the first month of the lunar year by the Emperors in the Ming and Qing Dynasties. It was included in the World Heritage List in 1998.
The Summer Palace is China’s largest and best preserved imperial garden. It was formerly known as Qing Yi Garden, first built by the Qing Dynasty Emperor Qianlong. In 1860 AD, the Summer Palace was damaged severely in the second Opium war. The buildings were burned, treasures and Buddha were looted. During 1886 AD, it was rebuilt by Emperor Guangxu. In 1888 AD, it was renamed to Yi He Yuan due to the funding of the Navy. Finally in 1895, it was completely reconstructed. The summer palace became the most important political and diplomatic activity center outside the Forbidden City or the supreme ruler in late Qing dynasty. In 1924, the Summer Palace was turned into a park which opened to the outside world.
In the heart of Beijing is where Tiananmen Square is located, it is the world’s largest city center square. The square is paved with a light colored granite stone. The ceremony of raising the national flag in every morning and dropping flag in every sunset time is the most solemn ceremony. Tiananmen Square was the locality of numerous major political and historical events. It is the witness of Chinese development. While strolling in Tiananmen Square, looking up at the magnificent layout, the majestic momentum, the vast and deep landscape, you will feel China's rapid development. Tiananmen Square is the Holy Land in the hearts of the Chinese people, and is the heart of great China.
The Imperial Palace, formerly known as the Forbidden City, covers an area over 720,000 square meters, has more than 9,000 buildings and construction area of 150,000 square meters. Home to the Ming and Qing Dynasties; is China’s largest and most complete ancient building. It was first built in 1406 and was finished in 1420. During its 500 years of history, 24 Emperors had lived in the Forbidden City. Over the years it has been renovated and expanded during the Ming and Qing Dynasties retaining its original layout. Forbidden City is known as the one of the Worlds five major palaces; in 1987 it was listed as World Cultural Heritage by UNESCO.
Great Wall - JiaYuGuan
Juyongguan Great wall was ranked as one of the eight splendid sceneries in Beijing 800 years ago. This section of the wall is lying through mountains as a wall to prevent the enemies. In 1987, Juyongguan was enlisted in the World Heritage Directory and is one of the three greatest passes of the Great Wall of China. The Juyongguan section of the wall is surrounded by mountains, the pass is roughly circular with a parameter of 4,142 meters. The name was established during the Qin Dynasty when Emperor Qinshihuang ordered the building of the Great Wall. It has two passes, one at the south and one at the north. The south one was called ‘Nan Pass’ and the north one ‘badaling’. It was connected to the Great Wall in the Southern and Northern Dynasties.
In the middle of Juyongguan Pass lies a high platform called ‘Cloud Platform’, which is made of white marble. During the Yuan Dynasty, three stone towers were built on the platform. Near the end of the Yuan Dynasty, were burnt down. Inside the platform is an arched doorway. On the walls of the doorway, the statues of four heavenly and sutra scriptures were carved. Many animal images were carved in the arched hole and the arched door. Carved on the walls of both sides of the door are the statues of gods and scriptures. There were three white towers on the platform in the past and were destroyed in the transitional period between the Yuan Dynasty and the Ming Dynasty. Later a Tai'an Temple was built on the platform but was later destroyed in the Qing Dynasty. The walls also feature inscriptions of Buddhist texts written in six languages and six scripts. Juyongguan Great Wall is a very important strategic place connecting the inner land and the area near the northern border of China.